Things to See & Do in Rajasthan - Travel Guide

 

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An erstwhile state of India, Rajasthan embodies its yesteryear culture and heritage from generations. Blessed with mother nature and rich cultural heritage, Rajasthan is an imposing state to discover on your trip to India.

Surrounded by Aravalli's range, Rajasthan adorns western part of India with its splendor.  Rajasthan host umpteen festivals, incredible enough to cajole anyone.  Eye tonic tourist sites of Rajasthan can leave you bedazzled. You would be intrigued to see thousands of attractions in this colourful state of Rajasthan.

Rajasthan is one of the most beautiful state of India. The presence of great Thar desert and world's oldest mountain range, Aravalli , makes it the shining star of India. It shares border with state like Gujarat, Madhya Pradesh, Haryana, Punjab, Uttar Pradesh and international border with Pakistan. 

This state was formed in the year 1949 when all the former princely state ruled by various Rajput rulers merged with the Indian domain. There are 32 districts and state capital is Jaipur. Like any other state for long Rajasthan's economy was depended on agriculture and pastoral. In the last decade tourism has emerged as an important sector and  today contributes a lot to the state economy . 

For those who love to see grand architecture, Rajasthan offers ample travel hubs to fulfil your desire. Come to the land of kings, and discover the how rulers of yesteryears ruled and lived in India.


 

Trivia

  • Area : 342,239 sq km.
  • Population: 56.5 million.
  • Major Languages: Hindi, Marwari, and Rajasthani
  • Capital: Jaipur
  • Location: Western Part of India
  • Climate:  The climate of Rajasthan is generally hot and dry, with scorching summers and cool winters.
  • Best Time to Visit: Mid October to mid March
  • International Airport: Jaipur
  • Domestic Airports: Jodhpur, Udaipur, Bikaner, Kota and Jaisalmer

 Geography: 
Talking about geography this state is the most diverse one. It has large sand dunes, fertile lands, lofty rocks, wild jungles, a burning heat and freezing cold temperature. Most of the area is covered by Thar desert, while Aravalli range which runs through state is like a oasis in the desert. Mount Abu, the famous hill station of state, is shining example of the charisma Aravalli range adds to the enchanting beauty of state. Southern part of state is rich in fertile land with crops of wheat, maize, paddy and sugarcane sprawling along the bank of river Chambal. It covers around 11% of the total geographical area of the India. About 70% of total landmass of state is covered with Thar desert. Only 9.3% of geographical land is under forest vegetation. Plateaus Vindhaya and Malwa also forms crux of Rajasthan's geography. 

 

Weather:

Rajasthan has fluctuating climate. Both summer and winter can be quite harsh. While in summer some places see temperature as high as 48 degree Celsius, in winter some area witnesses single digit temperature. For the tourists the best time to visit state will be from October to March. 

 

Top 5 Cities to Visit in Rajasthan

 

Jaipur: Also known as the Pink city, Jaipur garners thousands of travelers from across the globe. The city is famous for its artisanal craftmanship, block-printed textiles and the gem trade.

Tourist spots not to be missed!

  • City Palace
  • Amber Fort
  • Nahargarh fort
  • Jaigarh fort
  • Hawa Mahal

 

 

Jodhpur: Formerly the capital city of the Marwar Kingdom, the city was founded by Rao Jodha in the year 1459. The heritage city is known for its magnificient forts and palatial buildings. Populary known as the blue city, the city nestles itself on the eastern fringe of Thar Desert.

Tourist spots not to be missed!

  • Meharangarh Fort
  • Umaid Bhawan Palace
  • Bal Samand Lake
  • Clock Tower

 

Bikaner :   It is the Camel country providing the unforgettable camel riding experience. Set your foot in the genius land of Bikaner, the land of lavish palaces, fabulous forts, stunning manors and acres of gleaming sand in the state of Rajasthan that will amaze you and offer a distinctive experience.

Tourist spots not to be missed!

  • Gajner Palace
  • Lalgarh Palace
  • Karni Mata Palace
  • Junagarh Palace

 

Udaipur: Also known as the City of Lakes, Udaipur is surrounded by the beautiful Aravalli Hills.  Also known as the Venice of the East, it is surrounded by the mesmerizing natural beauty, temples and heritage.

 

Tourist spots not to be missed!

  • Lake Pichola
  • City Palace, Udaipur
  • Fateh Sagar Lake
  • Sajjangarh Palace
  • Eklingi Temple

 

Jaisalmer: Also know as the Golden city of Rajasthan, the city nestles amidst generous golden dunes and castles clad in golden honey sandstone. The city is adorned with lakes, ornate Jain temples, & havelis.

 

Tourist spots not to be missed!

  • Jaisalmer Fort
  • Desert National Park
  • Gadisar Lake
  • Kuldhara Village

History: 
Rajasthan has very rich history which dates back to Indus Valley civilization. It has been part of many great kingdom like Guptas and Mauryan. Later on, state was ruled by various groups like Gujjars, Pratiharas, Chauhans, Gahlots etc. Various Rajput kingdoms of state fiercely fought the Mughal dominations in the region. As Guptas rule ended in 5th century, Rajputs emerged as the new ruling class group of state. Rajput clan dynasties like Chauhans, Sisodias, Kachhwahas and Rathores ruled the state for long 

People: 
Rajasthan has varied density of population. While areas around Bharatpur in the east is thickly populated, in the west, area around Jaisalmer is sparsely populated with density as low as about four people per square kilometer. It is the region of Rajputs who is known for their chivalry and whose bravery has now become the part of many legendary stories. They constitute the major population. Most of them are stoutly built people with good body physics. Marwari community of state is well known for their business acumens. Bhils ,Meenas, Garasia and Kanjra are the major schedule tribe of the state. Hindi and Rajasthani are the two major language spoken in the state. Literacy rate is around 62 percent. 

Festivals and Fairs: 
Rajasthan is one of the most colorful state of India. Their rich culture and traditions are well known all over the world. It also held lot of fairs and festivals throughout the year. Each year thousands of tourist’s flocks in from across the globe to witness some of the famous fairs like Pushkar, Gangaur, Teej and festivals like Desert, Camel and Elephant. Rajasthani festivals truly showcases their traditions. Folk music, dances, drama and animals’ races are very much the part of their rich cultures. Pushkar is the sacred town for the Hindus. Around 400 temples and shrines are located around the holy lake. People consider water of Pushkar Lake holy and believes that taking dip will give them salvation. During annual Pushkar fair thousands of devotees including many from abroad visits this town. Another holy shrine is the muslim religious centre, Dargah sharif of Ajmer, which people of all faith visits. 

Industry and Agriculture:
Industry and agriculture are among the major contributor to the state economy. State is rich in minerals like zinc, copper, lignite and mica. There is large presence of cotton and textile industry too. In the recent years a lot of special economic zones have mushroomed in the state. A number of malls and shopping complexes have come up in city like Jaipur. With the blessing of Indira Gandhi Nahar irrigation project, a lot of agricultural products are being churn out from the state. Wheat, barley, bajra, jowar are some of the major crops grown in the state. 

Connectivity: 
State is well connected with rest of the world. State capital Jaipur has a international airport while other cities like Jodhpur, Jaisalmer and Udaipur receives domestics flights. Most of the important towns of state are thoroughly connected with rail network with major cities like Mumbai, Delhi, Kolkata and other major cities. It also owns two luxury trains Palace on Wheels and Heritage on Wheels. Rajasthan also has extensive networks of the road connectivity. Many important national highways pass through this state. State owned Rajasthan Sate Road Transport Corporation buses ply on almost all the major routes like Delhi- Jaipur and Agra- Jaipur


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